It is recommended to conduct regular security audits, implement strong passwords and multi-factor authentication, keep software up-to-date, train employees, implement a security framework, backup data, and monitor the network for suspicious activity. Cybersecurity is an ongoing process that requires continuous assessment and improvement.
The Internet needs cyber security. This is because most cyber attacks are automated and aim to exploit common vulnerabilities rather than specific websites or organizations. The goal of cyber security is to prevent computer systems from being accessed unauthorizedly or otherwise damaged or rendered unusable. The concept of information security encompasses the protection of all forms of information, whether they are digital or hardcopy.
The practice of cybersecurity involves protecting critical systems and sensitive information from digital attacks. Cybersecurity measures referred to as information technology security (IT security), are designed to counter threats against networked systems and applications, whether from within or outside an organization.
Critical infrastructure organizations are often more vulnerable to attack than others because SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) systems often rely on older software. Operators of essential services in the UK’s energy, transport, health, water, and digital infrastructure sectors, and digital service providers are bound by the NIS Regulations.
The Regulations require organizations to implement appropriate technical and organizational measures to manage their security risks. Keeping up with new technologies, security trends, and threat intelligence is a challenging task. It is necessary in order to protect information and other assets from cyber threats, which take many forms.
Types Of Cyber Threats Include:
Malware is a form of malicious software in which any file or program can be used to harm a computer user. Different types of malware include worms, viruses, Trojans, and spyware.
Ransomware is another type of malware that involves an attacker locking the victim's computer system files -- typically through encryption -- and demanding a payment to decrypt and unlock them.
Social engineering is an attack that relies on human interaction. It tricks users into breaking security procedures to gain sensitive information that is typically protected.
Phishing is a form of social engineering where fraudulent email or text messages that resemble those from reputable or known sources are sent. Often random attacks, the intent of these messages is to steal sensitive data, such as credit card or login information.
Spear phishing is a type of phishing that has an intended target user, organization, or business.
Insider threats are security breaches or losses caused by humans -- for example, employees, contractors, or customers. Insider threats can be malicious or negligent in nature.